Oklahoma's National Register of Historic Places

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ID Number SG100005555
Historic Name KIMBROUGH TEMPLE C.M.E. CHURCH
Description of Significance THE KIMBROUGH TEMPLE C.M.E. CHURCH IS ELIGIBLE FOR LISTING ON THE NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES AT THE LOCAL LEVEL OF SIGNIFICANCE UNDER CRITERION A FOR ETHNIC HERITAGE: BLACK FOR ITS ASSOCIATION WITH THE SEGREGATED BLACK COMMUNITY OF PONCA CITY. IN THE EARLY 1900S, RESIDENTS AND CITY LEADERS SET ASIDE THE AREA AS AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMMUNITY. IN 1942, THE CONGREGATES OF THE KIMBROUGH TEMPLE C.M.E. CHURCH RAISED ENOUGH FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT A STONE CHAPEL FOR WORSHIP AND COMMUNITY MEETINGS. DUE TO COST AND DEDICATION TO THEIR ENDEAVOR, THE PARISHIONERS STARTED BUILDING THE STONE CHURCH THEMSELVES OF LOCAL STONES IN 1943. IN 1946, TO CELEBRATE THE COMPLETION OF THE CHURCH, THE CONGREGATION HOSTED THE DISTRICT ANNUAL CONFERENCE. IT IS SITUATED IN THE TRADITIONAL ALL BLACK DIXIE HILL ADDITION OR ALSO KNOWN AS THE ATTUCKS COMMUNITY. THIS STRUCTURE SERVED THE COMMUNITY WITH NOT ONLY RELIGIOUS SERVICES BUT WITH SOCIAL SERVICES AND COMMUNITY OUTREACH, THUS BECOMING CENTRAL TO THE BLACK COMMUNITY OF PONCA CITY. THE PERIOD OF SIGNIFICANCE RANGES FROM WHEN CONSTRUCTION STARTED IN 1943 THROUGH 1954 WHEN DESEGREGATION HAPPENED WITH THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT’S DECISION IN THE BROWN V. THE BOARD OF EDUCATION OF TOPEKA, KANSAS CASE.CRITERIA CONSIDERATION A IS ALSO APPLICABLE AS IT WAS A BUILT AND OWNED BY A RELIGIOUS INSTITUTION USED FOR RELIGIOUS PURPOSES. LISTED 09/15/2020.
Current Name SAME
Address 1029 SOUTH 12TH STREET
City PONCA CITY
County KAY
Lot 13
Block 5
Current Section
Township
Range
Type BUILDING
Historic Function RELIGION/RELIGIOUS STRUCTURE
Current Function VACANT/NOT IN USE
Area Signficance 1 ETHNIC HERITAGE: BLACK
Area Significance 2
Date Prepared MAY 2019
Year Built 1943-1946
Original Site YES
Architect/Builder KIMBROUGH TEMPLE C.M.E. CHURCH PARISHIONERS
Architectural Style MISSION/VERNACULAR
Roof Material ASPHALT SHINGLE
Wall Material STONE
Window Material WOOD
Door Material WOOD
Decorative Details
Condition POOR
Comments
Restricted